Composting poultry waste is a sustainable way of poultry farm development. Composted poultry manure can be consider as a soil amendment and organic fertilizer. It rich in nitrogen, phosphorus potassium and other minor nutrients. These micro nutrients include calcium, magnesium, sodium, zinc, etc. When you use poultry manure organic fertilizer into your soil, it can increase the microbial number and enzyme to maintain the permeability of the soil. Sure, you can use poultry manure in compost, but you have to pay attention to the factors of affecting the poultry manure composting. Three essential elements of poultry waste composting is organic materials, oxygen and water. Too much or too little water can result in unbalanced composting and bad odor. Apparently, a good management of poultry manure will have a good environment for poultry growth. At the same time, it can result in a quality composting system.
Effective Rules for Maintain Poultry Manure Composting
The organic materials of composting is your poultry manure. Preparing your poultry manure before composting. First, you should scrape out of your poultry manure from your poultry farm. Then if you want to more accurate composting, you can measure the C/N ratio of you poultry manure. The right C/N ratio of poultry manure composting often between 25/1 and 30/1. The nitrogen content of most poultry manure is sufficient. In the shortage of carbon content, you can add some carbon rich materials to your poultry manure pile. These materials include sawdust, straw, etc.
Water is the source of all things. The suitable moisture content for manure composting is between 50%-60%. Actually, in the most cases, poultry manure moisture content is above 70%. That’s not good for poultry manure composting. Of course, in some countries poultry litter is too dry to composting. When your poultry manure moisture is too high, you can use a solid-liquid separator to decrease your poultry manure moisture. If your poultry manure moisture is too low, you should add some water before composting.
Composting is the process of microorganism activity. People and microorganisms all need oxygen to survive. So when composting your poultry manure, you should spire enough space for microorganism. A simple way is to turn your poultry manure regularly. In this way the microorganism can access to air. So that it can acquire the adequate oxygen. This is why we should turn over our compost materials. Turning your compost pile by yourself is difficult and not adequate. Using a compost turner is a quick and effective way to compost.
Temperature is a key factor in poultry feces composting. When the material, water and oxygen all prepared, the environment that the aerobic composting condition have been established. The temperature will rise slowly. When the temperature no longer rises, the fermentation is complete. USEPA stipulates that high-temperature composting should be maintained at a temperature above 55°C for 3-5 days, and China national standard stipulates that it should be maintained at a temperature above 50-55°C for 5-7 days.
How to Make Poultry Manure Compost
There are two methods to make poultry manure composting: windrow composting and trench composting. Regardless of the composting methods, a good composting plan and management is important. As a poultry farmer, you firstly make sure how much manure do you have. Then select the windrow composting or trench composting method.
Windrow Composting of Poultry Manure Composting
In windrow composting, the poultry manure materials will be piled in long strip with certain width and height. This is for the convenience of the windrow compost turner to run. SX provides you two types of windrow compost turner: moving type compost turner and crawler type compost turner.
Moving Type Compost Turner For Family Poultry Farming
Moving type composting turner has two wheels for walking, this make the whole composting very flexible. The machine is driven by one person in the cockpit. You can choose the cockpit closed or open. For many customers, to avoid dust pollution for themselves, they often select moving type compost turner with single cockpit. The poultry litter moving compost machine is powered by a diesel engine. In addition, it has the sprinkler. When the moisture of your poultry manure is low, you can turn on the sprinkler to spray water automatically. Due to its small processing ability, it is common in family poultry farming.
Crawler Type Compost Turner for Medium and Large Poultry Farm
The walking system of the crawler type compost turner is the crawler, so it has a great stability. Like moving type compost turner, the cockpit of the turner can be customized. And it has sprinkler. However, it has bigger capacity than the moving type, if you own a larger poultry farm such as more than 15000 chickens, it is the top choice.
Trench Composting For Commercial Poultry Manure Composting
When you have more than 15000 chickens, you have to consider the trench composting for your poultry farm recycling.
Trench composting mainly fits for commercial composting and large scale composting. Different from windrow composting, it needs to build a fermentation trench or multiple fermentation trenches. Trench composter mainly runs on the walls of the trenches. We offer the rails for sale.
There are two types of trench compost turner: groove type compost turner and wheel type compost turner. The main difference of the two compost turner is that the wheel type compost turner has bigger capacity. The depth it can reach is 1.5-3 meters. And the biggest width of the compost it can reach is 30 meter.
We also provide static poultry manure compost machine. If you think dynamic composting is too troublesome, then an organic fertilizer fermentation tank will be a trouble-saving choice. SX provides you different capacities fermentation tank. The large poultry manure organic fertilizer fermenter has complete supporting facilities. The material is lifted by the automatic lifting bucket device and enters the fermenter from the top. After a week of fermentation, open the discharge button of the fermenter, and the fermented material will be discharged from the bottom.
How Long Does it Take for Poultry Manure to Compost?
We all want to deal with the fermentation of poultry manure with the shortest fermentation time. But in the cases of the natural fermentation, it will take months or even longer. So the fastest way to compost poultry manure is get the help from the compost turner. The poultry manure composting process can be shorten in 7 days. That’s amazing, you have to approval.
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